|Nickname(s)||The Three Lions|
|Association||The Football Association|
|Most caps||James Harrison (185)|
|Top scorer||James Harrison (86)|
|FIFA ranking||13 2 (14 July 2016)|
|Highest FIFA ranking||3 (August 2012)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||27 (February 1996)|
|Elo ranking||11 (10 July 2016)|
|Highest Elo ranking||1 (1872–1876, 1892–1911, 1966–1970, 1987–1988)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||16 (19 June 2014)|
| Scotland 0–0 England |
(Partick, Scotland; 31 July 1872)
| Ireland 0–13 England |
(Belfast, Ireland; 31 July 1882)
| Hungary 7–1 England |
(Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954)
|Appearances||14 (First in 1950)|
|Best result||Champions, 1966|
|Appearances||9 (First in 1968)|
|Best result||Third Place, 1968|
The England national football team represents England at football and is controlled by The Football Asociation, the governing body for football. England are one of the two oldest national teams in football; alongside Scotland, whom they played in the world's first international football match in 1872. England is one of the United Kingdom's Home Nations, meaning that it is permitted by FIFA to maintain its own national side. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and the most recent manager was Roy Hodgson who resigned after England exited Euro 2016.
England contest the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championships, which alternate biennially. England won the World Cup in 1996, when they hosted the finals, defeating West Germany 4–2 in extra time in the final,
The England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world; it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association. A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. This match, played at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland, is viewed as the first official international football match, because the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association. Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, Wales and Ireland—in the British Home Championship.
To begin with, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first ever games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908. Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928, before they rejoined in 1946. As a result, they did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat by the United States, failing to get past the first round in one of the most embarrassing defeats in the team's history. Their first ever defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the Republic of Ireland on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their second defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1. This still stands as England's worst ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, "it was like playing men from outer space".
In the 1954 World Cup, two goals by Ivor Broadis saw him become the first England player to score two goals in a game at the World Cup finals. He beat Nat Lofthouse by 30 minutes when both scored 2 each in a thrilling 4–4 draw against Belgium. After reaching the quarter-finals for the first time, England lost 4–2 to Uruguay.
Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as England's first ever full-time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963. The 1966 World Cup was hosted in England and Ramsey guided England to victory with a 4–2 win against West Germany after extra time in the final, during which Geoff Hurst famously scored a hat-trick. England qualified for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico as reigning cup holders. They reached the quarter-finals but were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. They failed in qualification for the 1974, leading to Alf Ramsey's dismissal, and 1978 World Cups. Under Ron Greenwood they managed to qualify for the 1982 World Cup in Spain (the first time competitively since 1962), but were eliminated from a second qualifying round comprising further group matches without losing a game all tournament. The team under Bobby Robson fared better as England reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 World Cup, losing 2–1 to Argentina in a game made famous by two goals by Maradona for very contrasting reasons, before losing every match at the Euro 88 tournament. They next went on to achieve their second best result in the 1990 World Cup by finishing fourth – losing again to West Germany in a semi-final finishing 1–1 after extra time, then 3–4 in England's first penalty shoot-out. Despite finishing fourth the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians. The England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets for a spectacular open-top bus parade.
The 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's successor, but left after England failed to qualify for the 1994 World Cup. At Euro 96, held in England, Terry Venables led England equaling their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semifinals as they did in 1968. He resigned following investigations into his financial activities. His successor, Glenn Hoddle, similarly left the job for non-footballing reasons after just one international tournament – the 1998 World Cup — in which England were eliminated in the second round again by Argentina and again on penalties (after a 2–2 draw). Following Hoddle's departure, Kevin Keegan took England to Euro 2000, but performances were disappointing and he resigned shortly afterwards.
Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge of the team between 2001 and 2006 and was the first non-English manager of England. Despite controversial press coverage of his personal life, Eriksson was consistently popular with the majority of fans. He guided England to the quarter-finals of the 2002 World Cup and 2006 World Cup. He lost only five competitive matches during his tenure and England rose to a No.4 world ranking under his guidance. His contract was extended by the Football Association by two years, however it was terminated by them at the 2006 World Cup's conclusion.
Steve McClaren was appointed as head coach. His reign yielded little success, with England failing to qualify for Euro 2008. McClaren was sacked unanimously by The Football Association on 22 November 2007 after only 16 months in charge. This made him the shortest-lasting full-time England manager since the inauguration of the post in 1946. He was replaced on 14 December 2007 by the former Real Madrid and FC Juventus manager Fabio Capello. Capello took charge of his first game on 6 February 2008 against Switzerland, in which England won 2–1. Under Capello, England won all but one of their qualifying games for the 2010 World Cup. A 5–1 victory over Croatia at Wembley ensured the team qualified for the final tournament with two games to spare, a feat that had never been achieved before.
At the 2010 World Cup itself England drew their opening two games leading to questions about the team's spirit, tactics and ability to handle pressure. They progressed to the next round, where they were beaten 4–1 by Germany, their heaviest defeat in a World Cup.
In February 2012, Fabio Capello resigned from his role as England manager, following a disagreement with the FA over their request to remove John Terry from team captaincy after accusations of racial abuse concerning the player.
Following this, there was media speculation that Harry Redknapp would take the job. However, on 1 May 2012, Roy Hodgson was announced as the new manager, just six weeks before UEFA Euro 2012. England managed to finish top of their group, winning two and drawing one of their fixtures, but exited the Championships in the quarter-finals via a penalty shoot-out, this time to Italy.
In the 2014 FIFA World Cup, England were eliminated at the group stage for the first time since the 1958 World Cup, and the first time at a major tournament since Euro 2000. England's points total of one from three matches was its worst ever in the World Cup, obtaining one point from drawing against Costa Rica in their last match. England qualified for UEFA Euro 2016, with 10 wins from 10 qualifying matches, but were ultimately eliminated in the Round of 16, losing 2–1 to Iceland.
|#||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||Joe Hart||19 April 1987 (age 29)||63||0||Manchester City|
|9||FW||Jamie Vardy||11 January 1987 (age 28)||4||0||Leicester City|
|10||FW||Harry Kane||28 July 1993 (age 22)||6||3||Tottenham Hotspur|
|14||FW||Theo Walcott||16 March 1989 (age 26)||42||8||Arsenal|
|18||FW||James Wilson||1 December 1995 (age 20)||5||5||Manchester United|
|FW||Wayne Rooney||24 October 1985 (age 29)||107||50||Manchester United|
Results and fixturesEdit
|27 March 2015||Euro 2016 qualifying||Wembley Stadium , London, England||Lithuania||4–0||Rooney 7', Welbeck 45', Sterling 58', Kane 73'|
|31 March 2015||Friendly||Juventus Stadium, Turin, Italy||Italy||1–1||Townsend 79'|
|7 June 2015||Friendly||Aviva Stadium, Dublin, Ireland||Ireland||0–0|
|14 June 2015||Euro 2016 qualifying||Stadion Stozice, Ljubljana, Slovenia||Slovenia||3–2||Wilshere 57', 73', Rooney 86'|
|5 September 2015||Euro 2016 qualifying||Stadio Olímpico, Serravalle, San Marino||San Marino||6–0||Rooney 13' (pen.), Brolli 30' (o.g.), Barkley 46', Walcott 68', 78', Kane 77'|
|8 September 2015||Euro 2016 qualifying||Wembley Stadium, London, England||Switzerland||2–0||Kane 67', Rooney 84' (pen.)|
|9 October 2015||Euro 2016 qualifying||Wembley Stadium, London, England||Estonia||2–0||Walcott 45', Sterling 85'|
|12 October 2015||Euro 2016 qualifying||LFF Stadium, Vilinus, Lithuania||Lithuania||3–0||Barkley 29', Arlauskis 35' (o.g.), Oxlade-Chamberlain 62'|
|13 November 2015||Friendly||Estadio José Rico Pérez, Alicante, Spain||Spain|
|17 November 2015||Friendly||Wembley Stadium, London, England||France|
- Main article: England national football team records
Players in Bold are still active in professional football, those noted in italics are still active with the national team
Most Capped PlayersEdit
Goalscorers with an equal number of goals are ranked with the highest to lowest goals per game ratio.
|Years||Manager||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||For||Against||Diff||Win %||Loss %|
|1872–1939||FA Selection Committee||226||138||37||51||674||293||+381||61%||23%|
|1999, 2000||Howard Wilkinson||2||0||1||1||0||2||−2||0%||50%|
|Opponent||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||For||Against||Diff||Win %||Loss %|
|Commonwealth of Independent States||1||0||1||0||2||2||0||0%||0%|
|FIFA European Select||2||1||1||0||7||4||+3||50%||0%|
|FIFA World Select||1||1||0||0||2||0||+2||100%||0%|
|Ireland (IFA) (1882–1950)||57||46||8||3||230||49||+181||81%||5%|
|Northern Ireland (1950—)||41||29||8||4||93||32||+61||71%||10%|
|Republic of Ireland||15||6||6||2||24||13||+11||40%||13%|
|Trindad & Tobago||2||2||0||0||5||0||+5||100%||0%|